Hemp Around The World
History of Hemp in America
The history of hemp in America reportedly began with early Spanish expeditions. Hemp’s first recorded appearance in the Americas was in Chile around 1545. The plant was brought over by Spanish explorers for cultivation.
Other expeditions to Latin America also tried to cultivate hemp. They planted in Peru, Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil. Ultimately, Chile proved to be the most fertile ground for hemp production.
Hemp Origins in the United States
The history of hemp in the U.S. starts in 1605, with the first records in North America. Native Americans in the Cape Cod and Plymouth Bay area harvested hemp for clothing. Down the coast of Virginia, the Powhatan tribe was cultivating hemp in 1607. Following the wisdom of the native residents, Puritan settlers also began to grow hemp by 1645.
Hemp History Timeline: From Glory Days to Prohibition
By the mid 18th century, hemp had climbed its way to the top of the public radar. Former U.S. President, George Washington, was a vocal advocate for hemp production. As also were the following presidents Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and many others. Before the Civil War (1861–1865), hemp was a major cash crop in the American South. Hemp farms were tended and harvested by slaves.
The passage of the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937 was a significant hit to the U.S. hemp industry. This legislation imposed hefty taxes on hemp traders. Back then, many lobbyists felt threatened by hemp as a competing resource. It is rumored that they were the ones behind the passage of the Act. However, the hemp history timeline would have significant changes soon.
Tax Lifted Because of WWII
A few years later, the tax was lifted to stimulate hemp production in support of World War II. The U.S. was cut off from its previous naval rope suppliers in Southeast Asia. Thus, the Navy needed locally grown hemp to keep their fleets well stocked. Hemp was used to make uniforms, canvases, and rope. The campaign succeeded in increasing national hemp production by twentyfold in one year.
Cannabis: A Controlled Substance
Hemp production came to an end with the classification of Cannabis as a drug. It was classified as a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance in 1970. After this, the cultivation or processing of any cannabis product was illegal. The law made no distinction between hemp and marijuana varieties.
Present Days: Back to Hemp Origins
Now, with the 2018 Farm Bill, it is legal to grow hemp in the United States. Thus, the potential of hemp farming is a glimmer of hope for many farmers. A 2019 survey found out that many farmers are considering adding hemp to their crop rotation. They see it as an opportunity for sustainable revenue. Hemp is an uplifting trend to stimulate farmers who suffer from shrinking lands and decreasing prices. It is also a refreshing possibility for the economy and the environment.
With the commercial cultivation of industrial hemp now legal due to the 2018 Farm Bill, the civil society in the hemp industry will play a vital role in tackling the arising political, technological, and economic issues. To fulfill this role, it’ll need to strengthen its capacity, which over the past decades, has been weakened by [...]
Honey is good. But what if it is made better by fortification with other natural and useful ingredients? After the passing of Farm Bill in 2018, hemp is becoming more popular in most edibles. You can use CBD oil in butter, gummies, and honey. Hemp honey refers to honey infused with CBD oil. The two [...]
Hemp has been around for thousands of years. With records dating as far back as 8,000+ B.C.E., this multi-functional plant has been used around the globe throughout history for more purposes than you can imagine. From paper to honey, smoothies to straws, medicinal oils to building material – you name it, hemp can do it. [...]
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