Hemp is an invaluable resource to humanity and a solution to many of the problems the world is facing currently. Unfortunately, this super plant is barely understood. It is controversial in many parts of the world because many people only associate it with cannabinoids. Yet its uses far exceed cannabinoids.
The plant can bring sustainability to the world because it is usable in its natural form to make several products. Hemp has many parts, all with different uses. It has roots, seeds, leaves, and stalk. The versatile plant can be used for producing bio-plastics, ropes, paper, clothing, house building materials, medicine among other products.
Furthermore, unlike trees which take a long time to grow and mature, hemp takes only three and a half months to fully mature. This makes it a good alternative compared to trees cultivation because it is more sustainable. As you know, most trees take many years, even decades to reach full maturity. Additionally, the produced products have anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties.
In this article, we discuss how hemp can save forests and also replace plastic by being used as an alternative paper material, bio-plastic material, and house building material.
The traditional plastic is synthetic in nature and therefore a big problem to our environment. It is a non-biodegradable material that takes around 400 years to decompose fully. The only way to make it is less harmful to the environment is by recycling the plastic. The fiber in hemp can produce a bio-plastic that closely resembles the synthetic plastic yet it is biodegradable. The bio-plastic can be used as an alternative to the traditional plastic material.
The stalk of hemp can be used to produce fiber. The fiber has proven to be quite strong and can be used for making paper-products and other technical items. The advantage of this material is that, it is of high quality than tree-based paper. The hemp paper can be used for printing, packaging, making cardboard and newsprint.
A very strong and sustainable building material can be made from the hemp hurd which comes from the hemp stalk. Hurd is the coarse part of the hemp that remains on the fiber when it is split apart. To make a building material referred to as hempcrete, the hurd is mixed with lime and water. You can make fiberglass substitutes, acrylics, insulation, and fiberboards from hempcrete. The material closely resembles concrete, but has more advantages than concrete.
You can choose to use hempcrete for insulation or use it as a complete house construction material. Furthermore, hempcrete for only wall insulation has the advantage over foam or pink fiberglass filler which are toxic. Apart from being non-toxic, hemp is mold-resistant. What’s more, it is fire-resistant and therefore very safe to use for building construction. Additionally, hemp has other advantages as a building material; it pulls in carbon from the environment which hardens it like a rock while it remains breathable.
In this regard, it is much more advantageous, to use hemp as a plastic, paper and building material than traditional materials made from trees and synthetic plastic. The plant-based material is environment-friendly and better for the user. To cap it up, hemp is more affordable than ordinary materials because it takes a short time to mature.